Archives of Pediatric Infectious Diseases

Published by: Kowsar

Etiological Agents of Pediatric Diarrhea in Ardebil, Northwestern Iran

Leila Asadi 1 , Tala Pourlak 2 , Behrooz Ahmadi 3 , Mina Aghamali 4 , Mohammad Asgharzadeh 4 , Mohammad Aghazadeh 5 , Elham Zeinalzadeh 1 and Hossein Samadi Kafil 6 , *
Authors Information
1 Iranian Center of Excellence in Health Management, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Connective Tissues Disease Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3 Department of Parasitology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4 Biotechnology Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
5 Hematology and Oncology Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
6 Drug Applied Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
Article information
  • Archives of Pediatric Infectious Diseases: January 2018, 6 (1); e11771
  • Published Online: January 10, 2018
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: July 21, 2016
  • Revised: August 6, 2017
  • Accepted: December 25, 2017
  • DOI: 10.5812/pedinfect.11771

To Cite: Asadi L, Pourlak T, Ahmadi B, Aghamali M, Asgharzadeh M, et al. Etiological Agents of Pediatric Diarrhea in Ardebil, Northwestern Iran, Arch Pediatr Infect Dis. 2018 ;6(1):e11771. doi: 10.5812/pedinfect.11771.

Abstract
Copyright © 2018, Archives of Pediatric Infectious Diseases. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
Acknowledgements
Footnotes
References
  • 1. Wilhelmi I, Roman E, Sanchez-Fauquier A. Viruses causing gastroenteritis. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2003;9(4):247-62. doi: 10.1046/j.1469-0691.2003.00560.x. [PubMed: 12667234].
  • 2. A. L-Kubaisy W , A. L-Talib H , Al-khateeb A, Shanshal MM. Intestinal parasitic diarrhea among children in Baghdad--Iraq. Trop Biomed. 2014;31(3):499-506. [PubMed: 25382477].
  • 3. Nascimento DSF, Oenning Martins AL, Schuelter-Trevisol F. Incidence of acute diarrhea among children aged 0 - 1 year in southern Brazil, 2012. Arch Pediatr Infect Dis. 2015;3(4). doi: 10.5812/pedinfect.28054.
  • 4. Ahmed T, Khanum H, Uddin MS, Barua P, Arju T, Kabir M. Entamoeba histolytica, giardia lamblia and cryptosporidium spp. infection in children in an urban slum area of Bangladesh. Biores Commun. 2016;2(1):175-81.
  • 5. Huh JW, Moon SG, Lim YH. A survey of intestinal protozoan infections among gastroenteritis patients during a 3-year period (2004-2006) in Gyeonggi-do (province), South Korea. Korean J Parasitol. 2009;47(3):303-5. doi: 10.3347/kjp.2009.47.3.303. [PubMed: 19724707].
  • 6. Azaran A, Makvandi M, Samarbafzadeh A, Neisi N, Hoseinzadeh M, Rasti M, et al. Study on Rotavirus Infection and Its Genotyping in Children Below 5 Years in South West Iran. Iran J Pediatr. 2016;26(2). e2080. doi: 10.5812/ijp.2080. [PubMed: 27307959].
  • 7. Sherchand JB, Tandukar S, Sherchan JB, Rayamajhi A, Gurung B, Shrestha L, et al. Hospital-based study in children with rotavirus gastroenteritis and other enteropathogens. J Nepal Health Res Counc. 2012;10(21):130-5. [PubMed: 23034375].
  • 8. Nic Fhogartaigh C, Dance DAB. Bacterial gastroenteritis. Medicine. 2013;41(12):693-9. doi: 10.1016/j.mpmed.2013.09.010.
  • 9. Bialvaei AZ, Kafil HS, Asgharzadeh M, Aghazadeh M, Yousefi M. CTX-M extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Klebsiella spp, Salmonella spp, Shigella spp and Escherichia coli isolates in Iranian hospitals. Braz J Microbiol. 2016;47(3):706-11. doi: 10.1016/j.bjm.2016.04.020. [PubMed: 27268117].
  • 10. Talebreza A, Memariani M, Memariani H, Shirazi MH, Eghbali Shamsabad P, Bakhtiari M. Prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of shigella species isolated from pediatric patients in Tehran. Arch Pediatr Infect Dis. 2015;4(1). doi: 10.5812/pedinfect.32395.
  • 11. Mazaheri M, Haji Rezaei M, Aalinezhad M, Sharif MR, Akhavan T. Clinical and laboratory characteristics of pediatric campylobacter spp. Acute gastroenteritis. Arch Pediatr Infect Dis. 2016;4(4). doi: 10.5812/pedinfect.35730.
  • 12. Zhang SX, Zhou YM, Xu W, Tian LG, Chen JX, Chen SH, et al. Impact of co-infections with enteric pathogens on children suffering from acute diarrhea in southwest China. Infect Dis Poverty. 2016;5(1). doi: 10.1186/s40249-016-0157-2.
  • 13. Bialvaei AZ, Pourlak T, Aghamali M, Asgharzadeh M, Gholizadeh P, Kafil HS. The Prevalence of CTX-M-15 Extended-spectrum beta-Lactamases Among Salmonella spp. and Shigella spp. Isolated from three Iranian Hospitals. Eur J Microbiol Immunol (Bp). 2017;7(2):133-7. doi: 10.1556/1886.2017.00004. [PubMed: 28690880].
  • 14. Hegazi MA, Patel TA, El-Deek BS. Prevalence and characters of Entamoeba histolytica infection in Saudi infants and children admitted with diarrhea at 2 main hospitals at South Jeddah: a re-emerging serious infection with unusual presentation. Braz J Infect Dis. 2013;17(1):32-40. doi: 10.1016/j.bjid.2012.08.021. [PubMed: 23287546].
  • 15. Jin HI, Lee YM, Choi YJ, Jeong SJ. Recent viral pathogen in acute gastroenteritis: a retrospective study at a tertiary hospital for 1 year. Korean J Pediatr. 2016;59(3):120-5. doi: 10.3345/kjp.2016.59.3.120. [PubMed: 27186218].
  • 16. Asadi Faezi N, Zahedi Bialvaei A, Ebrahimzadeh Leylabadlo H, Soleimani H, Yousefi M, Samadi Kafil H. Viral infections in patients with acute respiratory infection in Northwest of Iran. Mol Gen Microbiol Virol. 2017;31(3):163-7. doi: 10.3103/s0891416816030046.
  • 17. Asgharzadeh M, Shahbabian K, Samadi Kafil H, Rafi A. Use of DNA Fingerprinting in Identifying the Source Case of Tuberculosis in East Azarbaijan Province of Iran. J Med Sci. 2007;7(3):418-21. doi: 10.3923/jms.2007.418.421.
  • 18. Kafil HS, Mobarez AM. Spread of Enterococcal Surface Protein in Antibiotic Resistant Entero-coccus faecium and Enterococcus faecalis isolates from Urinary Tract Infections. Open Microbiol J. 2015;9:14-7. doi: 10.2174/1874285801509010014. [PubMed: 26161154].
  • 19. Sayyari AA, Imanzadeh F, Bagheri Yazdi SA, Karami H, Yaghoobi M. Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections in the Islamic Republic of Iran. East Mediterr Health J. 2005;11(3):377-83. [PubMed: 16602457].
  • 20. Pestehchian N, Nazary M, Haghighi A, Salehi M, Yosefi H. Frequency of Entamoeba histolytica and Entamoeba dispar prevalence among patients with gastrointestinal complaints in Chelgerd city, southwest of Iran(*). J Res Med Sci. 2011;16(11):1436-40. [PubMed: 22973344].
  • 21. Hooshyar H, Rezaian M, Kazemi B, Jeddi-Tehrani M, Solaymani-Mohammadi S. The distribution of Entamoeba histolytica and Entamoeba dispar in northern, central, and southern Iran. Parasitol Res. 2004;94(2):96-100. doi: 10.1007/s00436-004-1175-8. [PubMed: 15293045].
  • 22. Calegar DA, Nunes BC, Monteiro KJ, Santos JP, Toma HK, Gomes TF, et al. Frequency and molecular characterisation of Entamoeba histolytica, Entamoeba dispar, Entamoeba moshkovskii, and Entamoeba hartmanni in the context of water scarcity in northeastern Brazil. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 2016;111(2):114-9. doi: 10.1590/0074-02760150383. [PubMed: 26841049].
  • 23. Quach J, St-Pierre J, Chadee K. The future for vaccine development against Entamoeba histolytica. Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2014;10(6):1514-21. doi: 10.4161/hv.27796. [PubMed: 24504133].
  • 24. Roncolato EC, Teixeira JE, Barbosa JE, Zambelli Ramalho LN, Huston CD. Immunization with the Entamoeba histolytica surface metalloprotease EhMSP-1 protects hamsters from amebic liver abscess. Infect Immun. 2015;83(2):713-20. doi: 10.1128/IAI.02490-14. [PubMed: 25452550].
  • 25. Gaucher D, Chadee K. Prospect for an Entamoeba histolytica Gal-lectin-based vaccine. Parasite Immunol. 2003;25(2):55-8. [PubMed: 12791100].
  • 26. Zebardast N, Gharavi MJ, Abadi A, Tabaei SJS, Yeganeh F, Khazan H, et al. Frequency of intestinal parasites in patients with gastrointestinal disorders, in different parts of Iran during 2012-2013. Int J Enteric Pathog. 2015;3(1).
  • 27. Moradi-Lakeh M, Shakerian S, Yaghoubi M, Esteghamati A, Shokraneh F, Baradaran HR, et al. Rotavirus Infection in Children with Acute Gastroenteritis in Iran: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Int J Prev Med. 2014;5(10):1213-23. [PubMed: 25400878].
  • 28. Kazemi A, Tabatabaie F, Agha-Ghazvini MR, Kelishadi R. The role of rotavirus in acute pediatric diarrhea in Isfahan, Iran. Pak J Med Sci. 2006;22(3):282-5.
  • 29. Memariani M, Najar Peerayeh S, Shokouhi Mostafavi SK, Zahraei Salehi T. Detection of class 1 and 2 integrons among enteropathogenic Escherichia coli isolates. Arch Pediatr Infect Dis. 2014;3(2). doi: 10.5812/pedinfect.16372.
  • 30. Eesteghamati A, Gouya M, Keshtkar A, Najafi L, Zali MR, Sanaei M, et al. Sentinel hospital-based surveillance of rotavirus diarrhea in Iran. J Infect Dis. 2009;200 Suppl 1:S244-7. doi: 10.1086/605050. [PubMed: 19821714].
  • 31. Modaress S, Rahbarimanesh AA, Edalat R, Sohrabi A, Modarres S, Gomari H, et al. Human rotavirus genotypes detection among hospitalized children, a study in Tehran, Iran. Arch Iran Med. 2011;14(1):39-45. [PubMed: 21194260].
  • 32. Ziaei Kajbaf T, Shamsizadeh A, Kalvandi G, Macvandi M. Relative frequency of rotavirus and adenovirus among children aged 1-60 months hospitalized with acute diarrhoea in South-Western, Iran. Jundishapur J Microbiol. 2012;6(1):47-50. doi: 10.5812/jjm.4072.
  • 33. Motamedifar M, Amini E, Talezadeh Shirazi P. Frequency of rotavirus and adenovirus gastroenteritis among children in shiraz, iran. Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2013;15(8):729-33. doi: 10.5812/ircmj.4415. [PubMed: 24578843].
  • 34. Patel MM, Pitzer VE, Alonso WJ, Vera D, Lopman B, Tate J, et al. Global seasonality of rotavirus disease. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2013;32(4):e134-47. doi: 10.1097/INF.0b013e31827d3b68. [PubMed: 23190782].
  • 35. Parashar UD, Nelson EA, Kang G. Diagnosis, management, and prevention of rotavirus gastroenteritis in children. BMJ. 2013;347:f7204. doi: 10.1136/bmj.f7204. [PubMed: 24379214].
  • 36. Ghorashi Z, Behbahan AG, Oskouei SA. Rotavirus enteric infection in children of northwest Iran. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2011;30(7):616-8. doi: 10.1097/INF.0b013e31820a45cb. [PubMed: 21217537].
  • 37. Bwogi J, Malamba S, Kigozi B, Namuwulya P, Tushabe P, Kiguli S, et al. The epidemiology of rotavirus disease in under-five-year-old children hospitalized with acute diarrhea in central Uganda, 2012-2013. Arch Virol. 2016;161(4):999-1003. doi: 10.1007/s00705-015-2742-2. [PubMed: 26724820].
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:

Author(s):

Article(s):

Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments