Archives of Pediatric Infectious Diseases

Published by: Kowsar

Microbiological Evaluation of Nosocomial Infections by Using National Nosocomial Infection Surveillance (NNIS) System

Shahram Abdoli Oskouie 1 , Mohammad Ahangarzade Rezaie 2 , Farid Panahi 3 , 4 , * , Farahnaz Firoozi 5 , Masoud Es. Haghi 6 and Farnaz Panahi 7
Authors Information
1 Department of Pediatrics, Children Hospital, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, IR Iran
2 Department of Microbiology and Virology, School of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, IR Iran
3 Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, IR Iran
4 Research Development and Coordination Center (RDCC), School of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, IR Iran
5 Tabriz University of Medical Science, Tabriz, IR Iran
6 Liver and Gastrointestinal Diseases Research Center (LGDRC), School of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, IR Iran
7 Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, IR Iran
Article information
  • Archives of Pediatric Infectious Diseases: April 01, 2014, 2 (2); 217-224
  • Published Online: April 27, 2014
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: February 25, 2013
  • Revised: May 4, 2013
  • Accepted: October 21, 2013
  • DOI: 10.5812/pedinfect.10967

To Cite: Abdoli Oskouie S, Ahangarzade Rezaie M, Panahi F, Firoozi F, Es. Haghi M, et al. Microbiological Evaluation of Nosocomial Infections by Using National Nosocomial Infection Surveillance (NNIS) System, Arch Pediatr Infect Dis. 2014 ; 2(2):217-224. doi: 10.5812/pedinfect.10967.

Abstract
Copyright © 2014, Pediartric Infections Research Center. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
Acknowledgements
Footnotes
References
  • 1. Haley RW, Schaberg DR, Crossley KB, Von Allmen SD, McGowan JE, Jr. Extra charges and prolongation of stay attributable to nosocomial infections: a prospective interhospital comparison. Am J Med. 1981; 70(1): 51-8[PubMed]
  • 2. Centers for Disease Control. Public health focus: surveillance, prevention, and control of nosocomial infections. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 1992; 41(42): 783-7[PubMed]
  • 3. Garner JS, Jarvis WR, Emori TG, Horan TC, Hughes JM. CDC definitions for nosocomial infections. 1988. Am J Infect Control. 1988; 16(3): 128-40[PubMed]
  • 4. Horan TC, Gaynes RP, Martone WJ, Jarvis WR, Emori TG. CDC definitions of nosocomial surgical site infections, 1992: a modification of CDC definitions of surgical wound infections. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 1992; 13(10): 606-8[PubMed]
  • 5. Sax H, Pittet D, Swiss Noso Network. Interhospital differences in nosocomial infection rates: importance of case-mix adjustment. Arch Intern Med. 2002; 162(21): 2437-42[PubMed]
  • 6. Pittet D, Harbarth S, Ruef C, Francioli P, Sudre P, Petignat C, et al. Prevalence and risk factors for nosocomial infections in four university hospitals in Switzerland. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 1999; 20(1): 37-42[DOI][PubMed]
  • 7. Wenzel RP. The evolving art and science of hospital epidemiology. J Infect Dis. 1986; 153(3): 462-70[PubMed]
  • 8. Emmerson AM, Enstone JE, Griffin M, Kelsey MC, Smyth ET. The Second National Prevalence Survey of infection in hospitals--overview of the results. J Hosp Infect. 1996; 32(3): 175-90[PubMed]
  • 9. Prevalence of hospital-acquired infections in Spain. EPINE Working Group. J Hosp Infect. 1992; 20(1): 1-13[PubMed]
  • 10. Welliver RC, McLaughlin S. Unique epidemiology of nosocomial infection in a children's hospital. Am J Dis Child. 1984; 138(2): 131-5[PubMed]
  • 11. Burgner D, Dalton D, Hanlon M, Wong M, Kakakios A, Isaacs D. Repeated prevalence surveys of paediatric hospital-acquired infection. J Hosp Infect. 1996; 34(3): 163-70[PubMed]
  • 12. Hollenbeak CS, Murphy D, Dunagan WC, Fraser VJ. Nonrandom selection and the attributable cost of surgical-site infections. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2002; 23(4): 177-82[DOI][PubMed]
  • 13. Whitehouse JD, Friedman ND, Kirkland KB, Richardson WJ, Sexton DJ. The impact of surgical-site infections following orthopedic surgery at a community hospital and a university hospital: adverse quality of life, excess length of stay, and extra cost. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2002; 23(4): 183-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 14. Orsi GB, Di Stefano L, Noah N. Hospital-acquired, laboratory-confirmed bloodstream infection: increased hospital stay and direct costs. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2002; 23(4): 190-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 15. Mylotte JM, Graham R, Kahler L, Young BL, Goodnough S. Impact of nosocomial infection on length of stay and functional improvement among patients admitted to an acute rehabilitation unit. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2001; 22(2): 83-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 16. Askarian M, Gooran NR. National nosocomial infection surveillance system-based study in Iran: additional hospital stay attributable to nosocomial infections. Am J Infect Control. 2003; 31(8): 465-8[PubMed]
  • 17. Kadivar M, Shahram R, Mozayan Kharazi Mahboubeh KP, Mirkhaef M. A Survey On Nosocomial Infection In The Pediatric & Neonatal Intensive Care Units Of The Children's Hospital Medical Center. Iran J Infect Dis Tropical Med. 2002; 7(18): 59-66
  • 18. The National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance in Iran. A 4 years report BMC Proceedings
  • 19. Culver DH, Horan TC, Gaynes RP, Martone WJ, Jarvis WR, Emori TG, et al. Surgical wound infection rates by wound class, operative procedure, and patient risk index. National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance System. Am J Med. 1991; 91(3B): 152S-7S[PubMed]
  • 20. Khan MM, Celik Y. Cost of nosocomial infection in Turkey: an estimate based on the university hospital data. Health Serv Manage Res. 2001; 14(1): 49-54[PubMed]
  • 21. Wisplinghoff H, Bischoff T, Tallent SM, Seifert H, Wenzel RP, Edmond MB. Nosocomial bloodstream infections in US hospitals: analysis of 24,179 cases from a prospective nationwide surveillance study. Clin Infect Dis. 2004; 39(3): 309-17[DOI][PubMed]
  • 22. Kresken M, Hafner D. Drug resistance among clinical isolates of frequently encountered bacterial species in central Europe during 1975-1995. Study Group Bacterial Resistance of the Paul-Ehrlich-Society for Chemotherapy. Infection. 1999; 27 Suppl 2-8[PubMed]
  • 23. Ford-Jones EL, Mindorff CM, Langley JM, Allen U, Navas L, Patrick ML, et al. Epidemiologic study of 4684 hospital-acquired infections in pediatric patients. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1989; 8(10): 668-75[PubMed]
  • 24. Pittet D, Tarara D, Wenzel RP. Nosocomial bloodstream infection in critically ill patients. Excess length of stay, extra costs, and attributable mortality. JAMA. 1994; 271(20): 1598-601[PubMed]
  • 25. Raymond J, Aujard Y. Nosocomial infections in pediatric patients: a European, multicenter prospective study. European Study Group. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2000; 21(4): 260-3[DOI][PubMed]
  • 26. Urrea M, Pons M, Serra M, Latorre C, Palomeque A. Prospective incidence study of nosocomial infections in a pediatric intensive care unit. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2003; 22(6): 490-4[DOI][PubMed]
  • 27. de Gentile A, Rivas N, Sinkowitz-Cochran RL, Momesso T, Iriart EM, Lopez E, et al. Nosocomial infections in a children's hospital in Argentina: impact of a unique infection control intervention program. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2001; 22(12): 762-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 28. Ben Jaballah N, Bouziri A, Kchaou W, Hamdi A, Mnif K, Belhadj S, et al. [Epidemiology of nosocomial bacterial infections in a neonatal and pediatric Tunisian intensive care unit]. Med Mal Infect. 2006; 36(7): 379-85[DOI][PubMed]
  • 29. Muhlemann K, Franzini C, Aebi C, Berger C, Nadal D, Stahelin J, et al. Prevalence of nosocomial infections in Swiss children's hospitals. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2004; 25(9): 765-71[DOI][PubMed]
  • 30. Tantracheewathorn T, Vititpatarapak N, Phumisantiphong U. Epidemiologic study of nosocomial bacterial infection of pediatric patients at BMA Medical College and Vajira Hospital. J Med Assoc Thai. 2007; 90(2): 258-65[PubMed]
  • 31. Richards MJ, Edwards JR, Culver DH, Gaynes RP. Nosocomial infections in pediatric intensive care units in the United States. National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance System. Pediatrics. 1999; 103(4)[PubMed]
  • 32. Mohiuddin M, Haq JA, Hoq MM, Huq F. Microbiology Of Nosocomial Infection In Tertiary Hospitals Of Dhaka City And Its Impact. Bangladesh J Med Microbiol. 2012; 4(2): 32-8
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:

Author(s):

Article(s):

Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments