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Managment of a Child With Decreased Level of Consciousness

AUTHORS

Abdollah Karimi 1 , * , Seyed Alireza Fahimzad 1 , Roxana Mansour Ghanaie 1

1 Pediatric Infections Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, roxanaghanaie@yahoo.com, IR Iran

How to Cite: Karimi A, Fahimzad S A, Mansour Ghanaie R . Managment of a Child With Decreased Level of Consciousness, Arch Pediatr Infect Dis. Online ahead of Print ; 1(2):92-101. doi: 10.5812/pedinfect.9135.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Archives of Pediatric Infectious Diseases: 1 (2); 92-101
Published Online: July 15, 2013
Article Type: Discussion
Received: November 14, 2012
Accepted: December 18, 2012
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Abstract

When a child presented with decreased level of consciousness in the emergency room, taking the right approach is one of the most important skills that every emergency physician should have. Ideally, there should be a defined diagnostic and therapeutic algorithm in the emergency room for managing these children in order to minimize difficulties diagnostically and maximize time spent helping the child. This article describes the history-taking, and physical and neurologic exams the affected child should be assessed with and explains the potential etiologies of a decreased level of consciousness. These factors are classified into traumatic and non-traumatic agents. Infectious causes of encephalopathy and the applied classification of them has been emphasized.

Keywords

Unconsciousness Coma Encephalopathy Child

© 2013, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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